The degree valgus deformities of feet

Valgus deformation of the feet develops gradually: initially, the patient complains that my feet hurt with prolonged walking, especially on the heels, starts to the inflamed joint of the big toe, where over time form lumps, then it becomes very difficult to pick up shoes, a twisted thumb and a front of the front legs. On the soles of the feet falls seals – corns or corns, the second finger comes out on top and formed a hammer, it is bent and is not unbent. Is disrupted blood flow to the joint, accompanied by severe pain when walking, subsequently facing disabilities.

valgus deformation extent

A Valgus deformity of the foot has a large spread in women after 40, as well as in children in the period from 9 months to 1.5 years, when they formed the skill of walking. Pathology represents the internal and external changes of the bone tissue of the foot, caused by the negative external influence, accompanied by painful sensations, expose the "bumps" in inches feet and its curvature. It is formed from a incorrect load on the inner part of the soles of the feet, what is its external portion and the little finger just picked up.

Started a state of disease is a very negative impact: the cutting head, excessive load on the spine, its curvature, the development of arthritis and arthrosis, clubfoot deformity was, bunions. It is necessary to the proper and timely treatment, as well as the use of individually orthopedic shoes.

The causes of the disease and hallux valgus extent

The main causes of deformities of the feet:

  • cross flat feet,
  • heredity,
  • endocrine disorders,
  • osteoporosis.

The disease can also cause varicose veins, flat feet, congenital defects, trauma, intense mobility of the joints and more.

Even uncomfortable shoes or boots favoring the formation of a blister on the leg, but not the core. The deformation arises from an incorrect load on the inner part of the soles of the feet, what is its external portion and the little finger just picked up. Violation occurs work the connective tissue (ligamentous apparatus).

The most important things we can prevent the disease to pull the correct shoes or using orthopedic insole in a timely manner, without losing time.

hallux valgus rates are measured using the following variables:

  • the angle between the I and II metatarsal bones;
  • the angle of discharge of the thumb the foot And the metatarsal bone.

So, he has several degrees of valgus deformation of the big toe of the feet:

  1. A Valgus deformity of the feet 1 degree: is characterized by the angle size of less than 12° between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones and deviation of the first toe less than 25°.
  2. Valgus deformity of the foot 2 represents the angle of deviation between the instep bones of less than 18 degrees and the angle of deviation of the thumb more than 25°.
  3. Valgus deformation of 3 degrees, it was also the final, has an angle of deviation greater than 18° the first criterion and the angle more than 35° the second criterion.
valgus deformation of extent, treatment

The causes of the disease in children and the extent Halus valgus

This disease in children can be congenital or acquired. However, the first type of disease occurs very rarely, then as the reasons for the latter are the most frequently dysplasia of connective tissue, which leads to minuit ligaments, which can not withstand the excessive pressure of the spine. In addition, the incorrectly matched children's shoes, bad ecology, overweight, genetic predisposition also contribute to the development of this disease.

In medicine decided to allocate the four hallux valgus grades of the disease:

  1. The tilt of the heel portion must not exceed 15°. In this relatively preventive measures for the elimination of the causes of the disease.
  2. Deviation from the norm of up to 20°. In this case, simple physical treatments.
  3. The angle deviation must not exceed 30°. For its removal it is recommended that intensive and prolonged treatment, however, surgery can be avoided.
  4. The angle of inclination more than 30°, which is a critical indicator, in which it is necessary surgery.

Please note that for the determination of the degree of deformation it is necessary to contact the qualified professional who determined the x-ray degree of valgus deformity, prescribe effective treatment.

Symptoms of valgus deformation of the

So how can we recognize the presence of this disease?

First of all, the patient troubled by pain in the legs, and in the area of the metatarsal bone. It manifests itself after a long walk or load on the legs. The manifestation of valgus deformation of the feet, depending on its degree of deformation and phase vary depending on the nature and strength of the – from discomfort to acute and aching pain.

Secondly – this is a visual deformation of the big toe of the foot. As shown in the photo, alone, the foot loses its normal shape, develops bone ekzistas (seal bone tissue – "the beast"), and the thumb with time starts to deviate from its axis and moves on the other, to go on a second finger.

In addition, under the phalanges of the second and the third finger to appear corns, the sensitivity of the foot is reduced, there is swelling and redness of the skin cover.

An empty hallux deformation of the feet, as mentioned above, represents a pathological violation of the provisions of the soles of the feet. The severity of pressure crooked, the height is reduced, and its operation currently underway unnatural manner. Characteristic symptoms:

  1. Significant deformation of the feet. Its axis is sharply shifted to the side, the distance between the ankles increases in the standing position. Please note: the legs and feet at this stage have an x-like shape.
  2. Obvious cosmetic defects are accompanied by discomfort while walking, difficulty in the choice of footwear. In addition, the valgus deformation contributes to the development of the disease: flat feet, arthritis, and other diseases, due to the poor work of the joint.

All of these symptoms allow us to make a conclusion about the presence of deviations, but for the veracity of the information is necessary x-rays and other treatments.

Diagnosis of valgus deformation of the

In the initial stage it is necessary to a thorough examination of the patient by a specialist examination of the feet, the bones. Timely treatment can be the main factor in the appointment of treatment. X-ray picture will show which of the stages is in the patient. Due to the fact that this disease provokes the development of associated diseases, after performing the above procedures, the image is clearer.

Diagnosis of valgus deformity of the forefoot in children takes place somewhat more complicated. For a complete survey, the detection of the presence, causes and complications of the disease recommended to reach out to some professionals: the children's podiatrist, neurologist, and surgeon. Depending on external manifestations doctor prescribes:

  • the implementation of x-ray images;
  • UZI diagnosis of the joints and ligamentous apparatus;
  • Computer plantography.
Attention! Noticing symptoms valgus deformity of the foot in a child, in any case, do not spend self-treatment, as well as it can contribute not only to the progress of the disease, but also lead to complications.

Treatment of valgus deformity of the feet

This disease does not fit sparing methods of treatment in most cases. The main methods of struggle with valgus deformation of the big toe of the feet, are:

  1. Regular wear specially designed orthopedic shoes with corrective inserts in my shoes.
  2. Sports (sport walking, jogging, gymnastics).
  3. The use of the sharing of the toes on the foot pads.
  4. The application of the brace for the first joint of the thumb.
  5. Designations massage certain areas of the foot.
valgus deformation extent in adults

Data treatment methods are also displayed on the valgus deformity of the forefoot in children. An experienced doctor may be assigned to electrophoresis, electrical or magnetic stimulation of the muscles, helpful are paraffin and swimming.

Depending on the degree of curvature, applying different ways of straightening.

  1. When the initial extent, when it begins to inflamed what, need to pick up the state of the feet using inserts with cross tumor. Then compress with the Dimexidum, trays salt, physiotherapy, massage. But what is most important — the right shoes.
  2. In the second stage, when a small deformation of the front finger of the foot: make sure that the liner, the use of silicone inserts, between the great and second finger, or the use of a valgus tires for area inches. Physiotherapy, massage, folk methods of reduce inflammation of the joint.
  3. During the most difficult last stage of deformation of the feet, the use of folk methods, physiotherapy treatment will not bring the desired result. It is necessary surgery.

When running 3 degrees of the disease may require extreme measures – operation. Is divided into several types:

  • the method of Dobbs, which consists of 6 sessions, the correction of the foot with the next by the laying on of the plaster;
  • artdesire operation, associated with an increase in work and strengthen the muscles of the legs, along with that, this method is accompanied by tremors of the head, and therefore does not apply often;
  • minimally invasive surgery allow you to increase the tension of the ligamentous apparatus, due to the change of the angle between the bones.

As follows from the above, an Empty hallux deformation of the foot occurs quite often, especially in women. Lends itself well to effective treatment, both in adults and children. Early detection and proper therapy would prevent its development and complications. Attention to the health of their feet, and they will delight you with his strength, beauty, endurance through the long years.

03.09.2018