Valgus foot deformities: prevention and treatment

Valgus deformation of foot – this is one of the most common orthopaedic disease to date, it is manifested in the strong refusal of the thumb to the inside of the foot. In addition to the ugly appearance, this deformation will break all the structures of the legs: the ligaments, tendons, joints and bones. In parallel with the curvature and education bulging "blister" on the inner side of the foot infection, may be observed and as orthopedic pathology, such as:

valgus deformation of the
  • deforming arthrosis of the metatarsophalangeal joints;
  • chronic bursitis;
  • exostosis of the head of the instep bones;
  • combined or cross flat feet;
  • internal deviation And the metatarsal bone.

The causes of

Causes of valgus deformity have not been studied to the end, but it is known that the large role played by osteoporosis, flat feet, endocrine disorders, as well as a genetic predisposition, it is a congenital weakness of the connective and bone tissue. In addition, a very tangible damage it causes incorrectly matched shoes, narrow, with narrow toed and high heel. In the result of wearing such shoes load station is divided unevenly, in the more fully loaded the front of the department, arises from the deformation and osteoarthritis of the joint of the thumb.

The symptoms of the disease

The first symptom of the disease is discomfort and pain when walking, rapid fatigue, difficulties in wearing shoes, then appear painful calluses and corns. Gradually changing the shape and position of the joint of the big toe and the second toe feet, goes to the "what", the skin on its place turn red and slightly swell.

Depending from the degree of deviation of the thumb shall be issued by several degrees of severity of the process:

  • 1 degree – a deviation up to 15°;
  • 2 degree – 15-20°;
  • 3rd grade – 20-30°;
  • 4 grade – a deviation of more than 30°.

In 3 and 4 stages, usually complications arise: ingrown nail, inflammation of the corns, and corns, hammertoe curvature of the fingers, especially the second toe.

Treatment of valgus deformity

treatment of deformities of the feet

Because similar symptoms can be observed also in other orthopedic diseases in the first place it is necessary to visit a doctor-a podiatrist. Accurate diagnosis can be established only after a serious survey: basic radiology image of the foot in three planes. Just make sure that the patient really has a valgus deformity, it is possible to proceed to treatment. We need to be prepared for the fact that the process will be long and time-consuming.

Treatment of valgus deformation of foot is divided into conservative and surgical. The first is applied in the initial stages of the disease and, unfortunately, does not lead to a full recovery. However, the correct and timely approach allows you to significantly slow down the further progression of the deformity and to postpone the implementation of the procedure.

Talk in detail about the methods of conservative treatment. These include:

  • wearing orthopedic shoes, arch support and night tire, and also insoles and interdigital seal;
  • physiotherapy;
  • intra-articular introduction of hormonal drugs to reduce inflammation.

Orthopedic shoes should be soft enough, I'm sure with a wide toe and a heel no higher than 4 see

Valgus deformation of the first finger of the foot is often accompanied by the tag all-valgus deformity – flat feet. When it changes the direction of the axis of the foot and reduce its vaults. In this case, the shoes should be high and firm ground and tight arch support. It is very important to use special orthopedic insoles that best make the peace with regard to the slightest features of your own feet.

Between the physiotherapy procedures occupies a special place shock-wave therapy, whose effects it helps to improve blood circulation as well as reduce the swelling and pain.

No less important is the prevention of valgus deformity, which consists in changing the very lifestyle of the patient. Firstly, it is necessary to take it a rule every day to perform simple exercises to maintain the momentum of the joints of the foot. In particular, they may be organised at the tips, roll on the floor small items, to enhance their toes, and the like. Secondly, it is very useful to massage the feet and calf muscles, after which it is good to do a bath for feet with an extract of coniferous or sea salt.

Third, it is necessary to adjust the meal plan. The fact is that progression of valgus deformity is very conducive to the deposition of uric acid in the joints of the feet, therefore it is recommended to reduce in the diet content of food rich in purines – substances, leading to excess accumulation of uric acid in the body. And it's such foods, as meat, some types of fish, seafood, strong broths, legumes, as well as tea, coffee, cocoa and chocolate.

And finally, fourth, will have to conduct an audit in the shoe cabinet before the main cabinet and put down the "dangerous" shoes: narrow, narrow, high-heeled. Leave the studs for the holidays, and every day choose comfortable shoes on a small steady heel.

A Valgus deformity in children

deformation of foot in children

Children most often suffer from flat feet, or mark the all-valgus deformation of foot. The child begins to complain of intense fatigue and pain in the legs during periods of extended walking, but visually it is possible to observe that the heel deviates outward. In this case, you should immediately go to the reception to the podiatrist, because when a quick and proper treatment, it is possible to fully restore the normal condition of the feet.

The doctor will recommend the appropriate orthopedic shoes, prescribe massage, and here are simple, but very effective exercises you can with success do at home, turning the going into the game. The child with pleasure will compress towel, hold and lift small objects with the toes, roll the pencil legs and trying to stand from a position "in Turkish".

Do not forget about sports, because nothing will solidify the heel better than the regular swimming lessons, play football, cycling, exercise at the Swedish walls and other types of physical education.

31.08.2018