An empty hallux feet in children — how to avoid the consequences?

An empty hallux feet in a child — serious pathology, the treatment should be chosen individually. After the child starts to walk, going through a small amount of time, before his walk ceases to be embarrassing and certainty. But some adults notice that their child continues to clumsily tread pattern on the inner surface of the legs. Exactly this fault and only valgus feet.

General information about the disease

Experts note that for the deformation is typical of the decline of the arch of the foot and the axis of the limb becomes the X-shape. The heels and the toes when it unfolds out, dropping the average separation of the legs. The trip becomes cumbersome, the child while walking quickly tired and complains of pain in the legs.

Visible symptoms of pathology

Knew, that is the valgus foot in children, parents may themselves, check whether there is a defect in the bread crumbs. For that child must stand up straight and firmly squeeze your knees. In this position the distance between the edges of the ankles should be no more than 5 see

Some symptoms are visible when walking:

  • the child comes to the whole foot, but only on the inner part;
  • legs X-shape;
  • awkward gait, unsteady steps;
  • shuffling while walking;
  • fatigue and during the walk.
The curvature of the

All of these characters are (except the first two) can be seen in children who only make first steps. But with the development of skills in walking, in general, all the symptoms disappear. Another thing, if the child has long been the yourself goes, and the last symptoms remain. To panic is not worth it, and here show crumbs doctors must.

Reasons for Idle hallux defects

We distinguish two forms of the disease — congenital and acquired. Symptoms in children up to 3 years points to intrauterine changes. And here is the origin of the pathology in children older than finds the doctor on the basis of the results of conducted surveys.

The reasons that affect the development of defects include:

  • mechanical damage to the foot, injury;
  • correctly chosen not in size and uncomfortable shoes;
  • infectious disease, transferred the child;
  • poorly developed articular and muscular tissue, not allowing you to keep the foot in the correct position;
  • rickets, after which the bones are weak, which affects the changes of the foot;
  • disturbances in the functioning of the endocrine system;
  • unbalanced diet (lack of trace elements and vitamins).

To determine the cause of the development of valgus feet carry out the required storage, after which the doctor picks up for further treatment.

The extent of the disease

There are 4 degrees of valgus pathology, which we distinguish according to the severity of the occurrence and the severity of the defects:

  • The first degree. From the standard angle deviation is not greater than 15 degrees. In this stage of pathology well treatable and conservative methods.
  • Second grade. The angle deviation is not greater than 20 degrees. This condition is also successfully fixed massage, gymnastics, physical therapy.
  • The third degree. The angle of deviation of no more than 30 degrees. The defect is difficult of correction, the treatment is quite long, but with proper therapy, the persistence of parents and doctors, the weather is favorable.
  • The fourth degree. Deviation from the norm is greater than 30 degrees. In this case, conservative treatment does not help, there is shown a surgical procedure.

As you can see, the first two stages of the disease is well amenable to conservative treatment — the repair is quite simple and not time-consuming. With the third and fourth grade is all much more complicated.

Diagnosis of flat valgus feet

To diagnose the disease in a child the doctor-orthopedist. A diagnosis is set on the basis of the examination and the designated other surveys covered by the computer plantography, radiography of the feet, podometry. If the diagnosis is without these studies, then it is necessary to turn to another doctor.

Often children with valgus pathology was sent for consultation to the neurologist for the exclusion of the problems of the central and peripheral nervous system. As soon as it is clear all the reasons, which give the deformation of the feet, the physician will determine the type of lesion etiology:

Crooked legs
  • The deformation of the static. Such a defeat is detectable in the incorrect posture.
  • The deformation of the structural. In this case the defect has a congenital cause. Usually when such a curvature of the feet of a collision bone is located in the wrong within the party.
  • The deformation compensation. In toddlers occurs functional deformation of the foot during a shortened Achilles tendon and tapered legs.
  • Deformation correction. Such a defect occurs in the case, if the child incorrectly treated or not treated with normal flat feet.
  • Spastic nervous strain. The reason for the curvature — incorrect cortex of the brain. As a result of frequent spasms of the limbs.
  • The deformation of the paralytic. Usually it is the result of encephalitis or complicated polio, transferred in early childhood.
  • Est Corruptio instabilis. Arises in rickets.
  • The consequences of the injury. To changes in the feet can lead fractures of the bones of the foot (ankle), rupture of ligaments, injury to the hip joint and thigh.

Methods of treatment

Treatment tag all-valgus foot in a child is chosen depending on the age and degree of deformation. If the pathology of the congenital, then apply a special study. When the detection of the disease carry out the installation of splints, fixing the bandages, or the tires, which are set the limbs. Lock element picks up the doctor-orthopedist. Acquired defects of the foot can be corrected comprehensively.

Trays

The positive therapeutic effect is achieved through a variety of treatments. A big role in the comprehensive treatment they have trays for the legs. For the procedure is need of water at a temperature of about 40 degrees. In warm water add sea salt. In such a treatment solution of the feet of the child should be 30 minutes.

For larger events in a container with water, insert a massage pad and asking for the crumbs as the hunt for him. The procedure is well strengthens the muscles without excess load on the feet. At first glance, this process seems useless, but with regular use of cure of the foot is possible.

Massage

Massage — a method that is aimed at removing the tension in the muscles, muscles and ligaments are elastic and firm. It helps normalize the development of the limbs and improve blood circulation.

Massage at Idle hallux stop starting from the back, then massage the lower back and buttocks, on the legs to your analysis. Consider the stages of therapeutic massage:

The movements are smooth and caressing, moving along the back of the neck. Then with curved fingers down his back, one hand sliding up and the other down. Complete back massage friction movements.

From the spine carry out massages the lower back.

The gluteal area to stroke the back of his fingers or performing a light Pat.

Foot massage from the thigh to knee dimples, on the whole back part of the foot knead.

Shin knead relaxing movements — rubbing, shaking.

Special attention should be paid to massage the soles of the feet. Ground and stroke the kickoff between the toes and the heel.

Physiotherapy

In addition to spa and massage, the doctor may prescribe additional treatments. Usually in valgus stop recommend:

  • ozokerite shoes or bath;
  • wax wrap;
  • swimming is healthy;
  • electrophoresis;
  • Exercise therapy;
  • acupuncture;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • body wraps-mud;
  • walk barefoot over stones, sand, Mat.

Physiotherapy

To strengthen the effect of massage will give you special exercises that you can do at home:

  • the rotation of the feet inside;
  • flexion of the back side of the foot;
  • flexion of the foot and toes;
  • grip outsole small toys, pens, pencils (doctors advise to draw with a pencil that holds the feet);
  • the rotation of the feet.

For that, if you want to be sure of the correctness of the execution of the exercises, it is advisable to visit a lesson a specialist. And then, given all the complexity, the exercises you can do at home without help.

Special shoes

Massage

The shoe in the hallux valgus defect should be orthopedic and meet certain requirements:

  • Solid, high boots — side parts and the back should be solid and high. It is necessary for a dense determine the talus-calcaneal and ankle joint.
  • Adjustable and convenient velcro closure that firmly establish the station, but when it is its not harm the stomach.
  • Top of the edging should be soft.
  • The availability of a heel and a sole. In orthopedics it is the heel of the so-called "pat Thomas" — its inner part is longer outdoor 1.5 times.
  • Made of genuine leather both outside and inside, the surface of the insole is smooth.
  • The size of the orthopedic shoes should be selected so that the difference between the length of the insole and long legs, was shorter than 1 cm and not more than 1.5 see the Active shoes easily adjust to any completeness of the legs and any lifting of the foot.

Get the orthopedic shoes should be to a specialized shop or the orthopedic salon. Sold only new. You cannot use someone else's shoes, such as orthopedic shoes deformed with regard to the peculiarities of the feet.

To wear such shoes, it is recommended not only on the street, but also at home. His wearing of it promotes the removal of excess load on the muscles, with the correct support of the heel and create the correct courses.

Operative treatment

In advanced and severe cases is indicated in the Idle hallux cessation in children treatment operative. There are several types of surgery. But the essence of each operation — trimming the ligaments or tying the ligament to the bone so that her mobility was minimal.

Operations are carried out rarely, when it comes to children. Usually in most cases positive results can be achieved by using preventive measures.

In the first instance parents should closely monitor the gait of your child, and in what position when this is his stop. Upon the occurrence of the first symptoms of the defects and when any doubt exists, it is necessary to timely respond and to contact the doctor. In the first year of life crumbs to visit a podiatrist should be 2 times per year.

While adhering to certain rules it is possible to prevent the development of pathology:

  • There is no need to save on shoes for the kids. It should be comfortable and designed exactly according to the size. No need to buy shoes on the soft, thin soles.
  • Accustom the child to exercise it is necessary from an early age. Gymnastics helps to strengthen the immune system, bones and muscles. A day for exercise plenty of 15 minutes.
  • Course of massage must attend 2 times a year.
  • A beneficial effect on the soles of the feet has a walk ortopedickéy Mat.
  • Ž the child to walk barefoot in the sand, grass, small pebbles. On the occasion of once a year to export the child to the sea.
20.08.2018