Valgus deformation of the big toe (Halyuks valgus, bunions) - it is the pathology of the legs, which is outwardly manifested by the curvature of the thumb on the outside. In popularly this disease is often called the knob either bone.
But valgus deformity of the big toe of the foot - not only a problem of aesthetic character. The prevalence of this pathology may indicate the presence of disorders at work musculoskeletal system, metabolism. Chronic bursitis can give impetus to the development of arthrosis or arthritis. Advanced cases lead to a gradual deformity of all the fingers feet.
Creates a valgus deformity of the first finger of the foot under the influence of a number of reasons. Most often, bumps on the leg appears due to improper selection of shoes (narrow pad, high heel). Confirms the hypothesis that the fact, that from the Halyus valgus suffer more often women. But modern medicine is excreted whole range of other factors:
Manifested valgus deformity of the first finger of the foot with the advent of the small bulge in his establishment. First, it does not bring any discomfort, but later manifest additional symptoms:
Halyuks valgus (Hallux - to- thumb Valgus - deviation) has four degrees of deformation, which is dependent on the angle of twist:
The first and second stage of the disease represents more of a cosmetic defect and assumes active preventive measures. In the presence of third or fourth degree diseases of the valgus deformity of the big toe foot treatment necessarily.
For the determination of the diagnosis to the patient it is necessary to turn to a podiatrist. The implementation of the diagnosis begins with an external examination of the affected area. The specialist draws attention to the degree of deviation of the thumb, the range of its movement, the presence of the associated voltage.
Outwardly signs of a blister on the foot are similar to the symptoms of such diseases as arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, gout. To refine the diagnosis, your doctor may prescribe additional studies:
In parallel, the doctor gathers information about the history of the disease: the limitations of deformation, the presence of provoking factors, the rate of progression. In the appointment of treatment determines the presence of patient comorbidities.
When the confirmation of the presence of the disease valgus deformity of the big toe the foot the treatment can be assigned to operative or conservative.
The running forms of the disease suggest operative intervention. Depending on the degree of deformation is to apply one of the species (and there are more than a hundred) surgery:
Any surgery includes post-operative care and convalescence. In the early days, you cannot stand on the operated foot, the movement is carried out with the aid of crutches. The total rehabilitation of the patient lasts for three to four weeks.
Of patients had relapsed disease and the animal will appear again. To avoid this problem, following a few months after the surgery is indicated to wear comfortable wide shoes. Good effect in the period of rehabilitation shall provide rehabilitation procedures.
It must not be forgotten nor the possibility of complications after the surgery:
Conservative treatment of valgus deformation of the first finger of the foot
Hallux Valgus - a condition that arises in one day and not for one month. Timely appeal to the specialist-a podiatrist, when pathological changes have not reached yet a critical mass to relieve from the necessity to conduct the operation.
Conservative treatment is aimed at fixing the correct position of the feet, uniform load distribution, improves blood circulation and stabilize the muscular-ligamentous tone. Modern medicine has a number of techniques that allow you to perform the treatment of valgus deformation of the first finger of the foot without surgery:
A separate group is treatment bumps folk ways: by using iodine, turpentine, bridal poultice, lotions of medicinal herbs. The use of folk methods should only accompany the main course of treatment and carry out only after consultation with the attending physician.
The greatest influence in the conservative treatment Halyuks valgus brings the regular wearing of orthopedic correctors. They allow you to stop the pathological processes in the early stages, or greatly slow down the pace of their development. Share several types of corrections:
The most popular concealer - valgus bus (chips). It is a versatile accessory, which with success is used in several ways:
Valgus tire is a little leg warmers, adjustable comfortable strap. She firmly captures the joint in the correct position. When this case happens the normalization of blood circulation in the injured area, clamped the muscles relax. Changing the position of the strap, the concealer can be worn alternately on both legs.
Regular use of night braces allows you to remove or prevent the deformation of the foot, and also to carry out correction of the position of the transverse arch.
Valgus splint do not wear along with shoes! For the are designed other orthopedic correctors. The best option - it's a bandage, which is recommended to wear at the time of sleep and rest. The Design allows to maintain the mobility of the legs, so absolutely will not cause discomfort during sleep.
There are some contraindications for the use of night braces:
If a person feels, maybe, according to dress-code, for several hours a day to spend in uncomfortable shoes, or his parents had a blister on the stop, then it is also in the risk group. According to statistics, the valgus deformation of the big toe most often affects women after fifty years. Already now it is worth thinking about prevention. The disease is very dirty and does not have any explicit symptoms in the early stages. Discover the valgus deformation of the can in small children.
The basic preventive measures include:
Take care of your feet, in time to consult your doctor and do not start the disease, until it can be cured. Be healthy!