What is the valgus foot in children? Pathology represents a curvature to the inside of the leg, foot, which is accompanied by deviation of the heel and the toes outwards, reducing the arch size of the foot of the crumbs.
Some call the disease "the butterfly effect", due to the fact that the back of the foot like an insect. The indentation between the heel and toes of the child almost disappears.
If you put the kid on feet, the looming shape of the letter "X".
Hallux valgus the position of the stop, the child, depending on the causes may be congenital or acquired.
Congenital etiology caused by various malformations of the elements of the musculoskeletal system, genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus.
In this case, the pathology develops in utero and is detectable immediately after birth, and the degree of curvature in the case of congenital hallux valgus is very pronounced.
Edwards syndrome – a chromosomal anomaly in which there is a severe degree of hallux valgus newborn stop rocking
The acquired form of disease develops after birth and can have many causes, including:
Paradoxically, but in some cases, the formation of feet deformity in the child, help the parents.
In particular, to ensure that the baby took his first steps at the earliest possible age, parents used to put him on his legs, teaching the skill of walking.
Thus the musculoskeletal system of the child is not always ready for such high loads. As a result, develop deformation processes. This means that the child needs to take the first steps in that age when his body is ready for it (10-12 months).
Among other reasons for the formation of foot deformities include:
The difference in the degrees with valgus deformity of the foot depends on the angle that varies between the first finger and the bone (connecting the metatarsal).
At the first degree in the corner there is an increase in deformation of the joint (sesamoid ligaments too moveable), there is subluxation of the foot.
At the second degree hallux valgus is a further displacement of the tendons and joints in the thumb.
Hallux Valgus (Hallux — big toe, Valgus — deviation) has four degrees of deformation depending on the angle of curvature:
The first and second the extent of the disease is rather a cosmetic defect and suggests active measures of prevention. In the presence of third or fourth degree disease valgus deformity of the big toe treatment is required.
Depending on the degree of deviation doctors there are several stages of disease development in children:
Depending on the deflection axis of the valgus of the foot from the norm, there are 4 degrees of severity of the pathology:
The deformed foot in a child are 4 stages:
1. A mild form. At this stage, the specialist will diagnose deviations in the range of 10-15 degrees. In this case, it is easier and simpler just to cure the disease.
2. In the second stage, deviations in the range of 15-20 degrees. To cure the deformity of foot, the child in this case is possible, but it should work for them.
3. In the third stage of the disease abnormalities out 20-30 degrees. In this case, the disease is treatable, but it will be long.
4. The most severe degree of the disease is the fourth. A stop is characterized by the deviation from the norm by more than 30 %. In this case, if comprehensive treatment (wearing proper shoes, massage, exercise) is not helping, we should get rid of this disease by surgery.
The pathology can be recognized, drawing attention to the following signs and symptoms:
Signs PLANO-valgus deformity of the foot following:
For correct selection of treatment, prevention of disease (physical exercise, gymnastics, massage), as well as prevent its further development, requires timely and thorough examination of the patient.
To specify, the doctor makes an x-ray of the foot in 3 projections – so you can identify which of the 3 degrees of development of hallux valgus foot of the patient, and find out if he had additional concomitant pathologies, such as avascular necrosis, cyst, arthritis, inflammatory disorders of the periosteum and t.. d..
In case of detection of relevant symptoms, the doctor applies a treatment (orthotics, corrective exercises, gymnastics, massage) that can help if not cure then at least fix his appearance.
For diagnosis the patient should consult a podiatrist. Diagnosis begins with a visual examination of the affected area. The expert drew attention to the degree of deviation of the thumb, range of motion, the presence of associated deformities.
Outwardly, the signs of the bones in the foot are similar to the symptoms of such diseases as arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, gout. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe additional studies:
In parallel, the doctor gathers information about the history of the disease: the limitations of deformation, the presence of precipitating factors, speed of progression. When assigning a course of treatment is determined by the presence of concomitant diseases of the patient.
Upon confirmation of the presence of disease hallux valgus big toe treatment can be assigned to operative or conservative.
Little patient needs specific treatment. To cope with the diagnosis and prescribed the necessary treatment can only be experienced specialist.
Get rid of pathology will help the special tools (tyres, fixing plaster bandage), to pick up the necessary thing only after the necessary diagnostic manipulations:
When visible signs of defect are assigned the use of special fastening devices.
Self can also be defined in the crumbs the presence of pathology. To identify the problem, we need to carry out the following manipulation:
Image you can take with you to the doctor's appointment, to expedite the diagnostic process, to quickly deal with the defect (if it exists).
ATTENTION! THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH PROHIBITS TO SELL THE CATCHES OF THE HALLUX VALGUS!
Finally to cure deformation of 3 degrees is almost impossible, but you can do without surgery. There are several standard methods of treatment aimed at correction of this pathology.
Installation of special orthopedic insoles are intended for correction of PLANO-valgus deformity of the foot.
Such insoles exhibit high efficiency in the early stages of the disease, in addition, the podiatrist must designate special insoles to correct the position of the foot.
In addition to the above method shows the installation of the correctors and extra ties for the fingers. The best option is medical shoes orthopedic properties, which are individually fitted insoles.
The deformation shows a special foot massage. With this purpose, you should turn to professionals. Often to correct pathology, the podiatrist prescribes a course of massage consisting of ten sessions, which should be repeated at least every few months.
Properly selected physical exercises help significantly to correct the deformity. The most common types of gymnastics:
For gymnastics for the treatment of suitable exercises using massage Mat.
The complex of physical events is not suitable for treatment, and to minimize the symptoms. Well when you strain to complement treatment with massage, orthopedic insoles and gymnastic exercises.