Valgus foot deformity in adults - the treatment and prevention of

No matter that more than 25% of the planet facing this pathology, the diagnosis of valgus deformity of the foot in adults heard a few. Growths on the lower limbs, which are superficially similar sticking out of the jam. They hinder the movement and cause a lot of inconveniences — it is an orthopedic disease which needs timely therapy. Valgus foot deformity in adults — the treatment and prevention methods. Than dangerous is this disease and why it occurs?

What is it?

The curvature of the legs — this is a special disease of the legs that are in conflict with its functional status. Outwardly, this disease looks like a deformed blister in the area of big toes of feet, which completely changes the shape of the foot.

Valgus foot deformity in adults is the main symptoms — a disorder of the axis of the foot, reducing its height, thus all the elements of the lower limb to occupy an incorrect position (heel, phalanges).

valgus

There are many different reasons that cause this disease. Pathologies associated with the deformation of the feet, dealing with highly qualified doctors — orthopedists-traumatologists.

The causes of the disease

In addition to the aesthetic discomfort, the so-called flat feet in adults and causes another, equally ugly symptomatology. Thus, patients with this diagnosis are constantly complaining about the pain in the area of the deformed blister, but also in the field of ankle and even thighs. Because of the pathology often enough changing gait. Outwardly, it looks like rolling from one foot to the other, which is also typical for other orthopedic diseases.

For the correct choice of treatment it is necessary to accurately establish the diagnosis, than he should do the doctor. I in this case totally inappropriate, and even dangerous.

It has many different causes, which cause the pathology. The most common are:

  • disturbances in the development of the lower limbs in the womb, at different stages of pregnancy;
  • poorly matched shoes, especially in childhood, poor quality material shoes;
  • dysplasia of the connective tissue;
  • occurrence or deterioration of endocrine disease, hormonal disruption;
  • disorders of exchange substances, is not amenable to therapy;
  • paralysis, stump, osteoporosis and similar disease;
  • broken posture, regular wear shoes on high heels;
  • pregnancy, the period after childbirth;
  • overweight, obesity, and in the result of which creates excessive pressure on the bones of the lower extremities;
  • mechanical damage, injuries — fractures, cracks, tendons, ligaments, cracks in the bones, etc.

There are other factors that cause the diagnosis of valgus feet in adults. Is it must appoint a physician after passing a series of diagnostic procedures.

There are cases when the valgus deformation is related to the banal flat feet, and especially the more advanced stages. Or it can go about genetic predisposition, that too does not occur so rarely.

Unfortunately, not always the pathology to treat, in particular conservative. In most cases, patients too late to go to the doctor, which leads to the impossibility to solve the situation without surgery.

Who gets in group of risk?

The risk of the group mainly comprises people spend most of their time on their feet — the shopkeepers, hair stylists, athletes, teachers and so on. During prolonged stay in a standing position may occur and other unpleasant symptoms: burns the soles of the feet, there is a feeling of heaviness and swelling and more.

On the second place in jeopardy find themselves older people. Due to the fact that the age of starting to disorders in the metabolic processes, decreases the performance of all organs and appear to many pathologies, including cardiovascular system, can occur this orthopedic disease.

Relatively rare deformity of feet appear in the children's age, and here appear in childhood can. That's usually the result of poorly-stocked children's shoes.

deformation-finger

Species and stage of development

Podiatrists-traumatologists emit several types of valgus deformation of foot, which varies depending on the causes of its occurrence. One can distinguish a few of the most common forms of pathology:

  • static;
  • paralytic;
  • compensation;
  • spastic;
  • rachitic, etc.

In addition to the shapes and types, different and the stage of the pathology, which have certain clinical symptoms and the individual elements:

  • Even stage. Basic characteristics — in the corner between the instep bones occurred to a small change in the shape of the joint. And sesamoid ligaments remain movable, as a result of what is happening, as if a subluxation of the foot. Your finger starts to deviate from its axis by about up to about 15 degrees.
  • II stage. Tendon feet continue to offset together with the connection of the thumb. Consequently, the angle of deviation of the fingers is already from 15 to 20 degrees;
  • III stage. There is a strange vulnerability of the connective and bone tissue, have weaker growth, cease to cope with the load. Deviation of the finger varies from 20 to 30 degrees from the axis of the foot.
  • IV stage. This is the last stage in the external changes of the lower limbs, in consequence of which can occur serious consequences. The finger deviates from the axis of the legs more than 30 degrees, may completely close the adjacent fingers.

In addition to the visual differences of the data of hunts, different and symptomatology. If the first phase is characterized by are not abundant pain feelings, and periodic feelings of fatigue, then in the fourth stage may appear a strong pain, sometimes you can't even fully stand on their feet.

Symptomatology

In addition to the aesthetic discomfort, can appear even discomfort, pain and symptoms such as:

  • pain, which arose as without shoes, and so in it, even if its size greater than the size of the legs;
  • change the size of the foot, stretching;
  • a feeling of heaviness and pain at the end of the day;
  • the formation of painful corns in the large finger of the foot;
  • degraded blood circulation in the lower extremities;
  • the development of arthrosis.

Outwardly the big toes start to like to rotate on the outer part of the foot, so your thumb can even completely turn on the other, that will also result in difficulties when choosing shoes.

Diagnosis

Treatment of valgus deformation of foot should start with a treatment with an experienced doctor and completion of diagnostic procedures. Basic research, which is prescribed for orthopedists-traumatologists, is radiography. When it is an x-ray performed in the three different planes for accurate examination of the medical images.

With the help of x-ray images, the doctor will determine the form of the pathology, its phases and perhaps even of other diseases that could cause deformation, for example flat feet.

If necessary, the orthopedist-the traumatologist can assign a computer planotography — is that such a method of diagnosis, which allows to determine some of the parameters available in the deformation of the foot. During the examination the physician should rule out cysts, aseptic necrosis, and inflammation of the periosteum, and so on.

how-looks-potologiya

Possible consequences in the absence of therapy

Treatment should begin at the first detection of pathology. In the opposite case, complications can arise and such negative effects, such as atrophy of the first fingers when walking, overgrown nails, the emergence of permanent corns that cause pain, osteomyelitis and so on.

It is not excluded, the development of dangerous diseases. For example, osteomyelitis — purulent-necrotizing process developing in the bone tissues of a person. As a result of its occurrence and the deterioration of it is possible complete destruction of the flag of the bones of the foot.

Therapy of the disease

Treatment should appoint only a doctor orthopedist-traumatologist, after examining the situation and the passage of the patient diagnosis. Depending on the stage of development of the pathology, different methods of its treatment.

So, the first stage fairly easily succumb to therapy, thanks to the use of special funds and orthopedics. Usually in such cases, experts prescribe the orthopedic insert when a valgus deformity, which will help you keep the situation, without running her. Using a special orthopedic shoes or insoles, there will be a correction of the forefoot, the data tools allow you to apply lower limb the correct position.

They can also be assigned special correctors (corsets) for large fingers. As therapy, doctors advise to completely change the boots and the rhythm of life. Sometimes the disease begins to develop in result of a continuous search in a standing position. In such a case, it is necessary to do regular breaks, exercises for the feet when a valgus deformity.

The third stage of the pathology are virtually indestructible. therapy, the more conservative. Only surgical intervention and comprehensive measures to achieve the outcome.

What you need to consider:

  • physiotherapy methods can only remove the symptoms, but not the way of treatment;
  • with the inflammatory process and the strong painful feelings can be assigned to the pain medication medication at local and national action;
  • operative intervention is indicated only in particularly running situations, on the last stage.

The operation of the installation of the deformed bone to the original place, as well as their fixation, which is carried out by means of special pins. There are cases when after operations, the effect lasted only a few months, and then, despite the exercise and to wear orthopedic corsets insoles, the situation repeated.

As for the therapy in the home, it is best to indulge in similar self-medicate, because it can be dangerous, and here is the result, as experience shows, very rarely lives up to expectations.

Prevention

When available hereditary predisposition to valgus deformation or fall into a risk group, it is necessary beforehand to take care of prevention of this disease. So, as a precautionary measure, orthopedists-traumatologists advise to regularly pass a medical examination, to control the situation and prevent the development of diseases.

The second and perhaps the main measure of prevention is to wear special orthopedic shoes and orthopedic insoles. This way, you can significantly reduce the risk of occurrence and development of foot deformity. If it is necessary, if it is prescribed by a doctor, it is necessary to wear special corsets for fingerprints, which will keep them in the correct position, without a pathology to develop.

It is important to properly plan your working day. In particular, this advice is relevant for people whose professions presuppose a longer stay in the position in a standing position. Periodically it is necessary to do breaks. Of course, it is necessary to take more responsibly to the issue of the choice of footwear. Will have to give up high heels or completely flat shoes.

treatment

Overtighten with a visit to the doctor. Sometimes when quick handling can correct the situation without radical measures, and the impact on their health. I — it's not the best choice for a valgus deformity of the feet. Therefore, it is better to entrust the case to a specialist.

13.08.2018