Hallux valgus (hallux valgus), or, as they say, "bone" ("bump") of the big toe is quite common in the fair sex.
Valgus deformity of foot (hallux valgus) is a condition in which the joint is bent first finger and deform the fingers. The disease is characterized by the inability to wear ordinary shoes because of the resulting "bumps" at the base of the big toe and is accompanied by aching pain.
Diseases with similar symptoms: arthritis; gout; deforming osteoarthritis.
Valgus feet develops gradually. First, the patient complains that it was uncomfortable to wear shoes the usual size, hard to find shoes, then there are pains in the feet by the end of the day bends the first finger of the foot. The bone in the foot with increasing cross-footed significantly deform the forefoot. The sole is flattened and it bulges in the center; in this place are formed painful calluses, dramatically impede walking; the second finger is raised upwards and often takes the form of a hammer (hammer finger)– it is bent, not bend, it produces corn. In General, the deformation impairs blood flow and the innervation of the forefoot, which contributes to the development of arthritis.
Forecast. When a minor strain, and timely treatment the appearance and function of the joints of the foot can be restored. In advanced cases, pain can persist even after the surgery.
The cause of hallux valgus brake cross flat feet, genetics, endocrine disorders, osteoporosis. The disease is congenital weakness of the connective and bone tissues, leading to the development of flatfoot. The development of deformation contributes to the mismatched shoes. This is especially true of high heels and shoes with narrow toe. These shoes leads to uneven load distribution, which falls more on the forefoot, with the result that deformation occurs in this zone and developing osteoarthritis of the big toe joint.
The treatment of hallux valgus stop deals with the podiatrist. To go to the doctor it is necessary at the first sign of the disease, as the correction of the deformity in the early stages can save you from surgery:
With advanced forms of the disease require surgery. Osteotomy is a complex bone reconstruction, comprising interference in multiple bones of the foot, aims to change the axis of the metatarsal bone and the first phalanx of the thumb.
To go, relying totally on foot, starting from the third week after surgery. In most cases, treatment is completed at 6 weeks after surgery, the patient returns to normal lifestyle. The recovery period is 2-3 months.
Long wearing uncomfortable shoes with heels often leads to pathological processes in the foot. The ligaments and muscles weaken, there is a divergence of bones — this deviation was called hallux valgus , which is commonly called "bone" or "bump" on the leg. After this process may affect the other toes, so it is not recommended to let it slide. Today, there are many effective techniques to combat this problem.
Valgus deformity of the big toe is one of the most common diseases, externally it looks like a curved deviation of the finger. On the soles also appear calluses and corns that cause pain, much more difficult walking and wearing shoes.
Pathology of the forefoot is not just an aesthetic defect. Valgus deformity entails a number of changes in the structures of the foot:
Today there are different methods of surgical treatment of hallux valgus ("bunions" on the foot). Usually, their essence consists in the displacement of the bones and fixing them in position by means of metal devices (plates, screws, etc.), removal of which is often serious and traumatic surgery with a long recovery period and the rejection of high heels. Modern advances in Orthopaedics offer the most innovative and totally non-traumatic method of treatment!
Percutaneous correction of hallux valgus of the big toe (Hallux Valgus) is an advanced method which provides for stable physiological correction of the deformity of the big toe and other abnormalities of the forefoot and, as a consequence, faster rehabilitation and return to normal life in the shortest possible time.
One of the main advantages of percutaneous surgery of the foot — the ability to load the operated foot immediately after the intervention, coping without internal fixation (osteosynthesis) of bone fragments. Fragments of phalanges are fixed with a bandage, which plays in the percutaneous surgery is a very important role. And to push the distal lateral metatarsal bones of the early load is necessary, because under its influence the heads of the metatarsal bones are displaced and find your ideal position.
Another reason for performing percutaneous surgery — painless acquired or congenital deformities or peculiarities of the structure of the feet. Often such defects are present to a greater extent psychological than an orthopedic problem, especially for patients of young age. Traditional "open" surgery often does not allow to solve such tasks: the elimination of small defect can lead to the formation of more noticeable than the original problem of scars on the skin. The percutaneous method allows to eliminate as barely noticeable, and gross cosmetic defects stop.
"Technique of percutaneous osteotomy PBS provides a stable and physiological correction of the hallux valgus big toe without the use of any artificial materials, says the podiatrist clinic of plastic surgery and cosmetology Frau Klinik Eugene Zaitsev. — The main difference between percutaneous osteotomy from previously adopted methodologies — comfortable rehabilitation period. The patient after the surgery will not suffer any inconvenience from metal construction, foot securely with an elastic bandage. Immediately after the surgery required full load on the foot and walk without crutches, only in the first two weeks it is recommended to wear special orthopedic shoes. Within 15-18 days after percutaneous osteotomy the patient is fully back to normal life."